stroy Freedom And EqThe novel, Animal Farm, was written by George Orwell and published in 1946. George Orwell’s Animal Farm is a political satire of a totalitarian society ruled by a mighty dictatorship, in all probability an allegory for the events surrounding the Russian Revolution of 1917. The animals of the “Manor Farm” overthrow their human master after a long history of mistreatment. Led by the pigs, the farm animals continue to do their work, only with more pride, knowing that they are working for themselves, as opposed to working for humans. Little by little, the pigs become dominant, gaining more power and advantage over the other animals, so much so that they become corrupt and power-hungry as their predecessors, the humans. Napoleon’s and Boxer’s behaviors in Animal Farm demonstrate how the leaders and the followers both act in was to destroy freedom and equality.
Napoleon, the leader, is very authoritative and selfish. Napoleon is a tyrant. It is very likely Napoleon is conspiring to take over Animal Farm so that he can take advantage of the situation of having many animals at his disposal. He is the one that initiated the violation of established resolutions, and concealed it by altering the resolutions. What satisfies his pleasure the most is what takes precedence over everything-the animals, honesty, commandments, etc. He gives himself the credit for every good thing, without any recognition to the other animals, such as the building of the windmill, which he announces the mill will be named Napoleon Mill, and the victory of the windmill. Snowball, who was chased of the farm by Napoleon’s personal bodyguards, portrayed by dogs, is being used as a scapegoat, “Whenever anything went wrong, it became usual to attribute it to Snowball.” Napoleon, with the help of his dogs, slaughters anyone who is said to be disloyal. “. . .the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon’s feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones.” To top it off, Napoleon outlaws Beasts of England, which had served as one of the only remaining ties between Animal Farm and Old Major. The animals think that killing is against one of the commandments, but when Muriel reads the writing on the barn wall to Clover, interestingly, the words are, “No animal shall kill any other animal without cause.” In addition, Napoleon completely transforms the farm into the same or worse way it was in the hands of Man. He mimics Man: adopts all its bad habits which are against the animals with the exception of the pigs. The other aspect that is against the followers is that Napoleon in general clearly takes advantage of his leadership to exploit the other animals. This can be proven multiple times, starting for nearly the beginning of the story. Even when Snowball, a good pig, is still in the picture, this (exploitation) was happening by the pigs deceiving the other animals to hog all the apple crop. Napoleon gave the other animals little food, while he lives a lavish lifestyle. He tells the animals lies about their memories, and gives them false information for his own benefits such as, equality in rations will be contrary to the principles of Animalism. He overworks the animals while he did not work laboriously, and uses the followers for money.
Although the leaders hold a big part in destroying freedom and equality, the followers also play a part. Throughout the novel Orwell foreshadows the lack of camaraderie between the important animals and those he blatantly describes as ‘stupid.’ Boxer is slowwitted and naively decides to trust the pigs to make his decisions. The great cart-horse Boxer devotes himself to the cause, taking “I will work harder” as his maxim and committing his great strength to the prosperity of the farm. Boxer then pledges hi allegiance to Napoleon; his speech is indicative of the discourse fed to him day in and day out. Boxer says aloud, “Napoleon is always right,” intones the horse at just the crucial moment when a sign of his disapproval or even doubt might have stalled, if not thwarted, Napoleon’s bid for sole power. Boxer was dedicated to the completion of the windmill. One day while building the windmill, Boxer falls and hurts his lung. Napoleon knows he has gained all of Boxers trust. Napoleon sells his most loyal worker to a glue-maker for whisky-money, while claiming to have sent him to a human hospital, where, according to Squealer, he died in peace.
While life following a dictator might have proved to be successful and reasonable for a short amount of time, after the actual conditions are understood by its inhabitants, it is almost impossible for it to prosper. The lack of voice and resources Napoleon provided for the other animals was simply leading to another rebellion. Power through the people is the only successful was for a society to prosper, as the people are the only ones who can complete the grudge work for the community to succeed.